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Chinese Biodiversity Information System (CBIS)

The last modified: Feb. 24, 2000 Chinese Version

Introduction

The Chinese Biodiversity Information System (CBIS) is constructed to a national biodiversity information center (NBIC), which consists of 1 central information system and 5 disciplinary division information systems, and more than 30 data source information systems.

The 5 disciplinary divisions are :

      Botanical Division in Institute of Botany
      Zoological Division  in Institute of Zoology
      Microbiological Division in Institute of Microbiology
      Hydrobiological Division in Institute of Hydrobiology
      Marine Biological Division in South China Sea Institute of Oceanology

The data sources include specimen collections, botanical gardens, natural reserves, field ecosystem research stations, seed banks, geneplasm banks and research groups.

The project would finance the institutes and field stations participating CBIS to develop and enhance their ability of biodiversity information management and processing. Specifically, the project will provide the participating institutes and stations with appropriate computer hardwares and softwares, as well as network facilities. In addition, The project would also provide necessary training for personnels to design, implement and operate the information system. The goal is to promote the efficiency of exploration and utilization of the primary biodiversity information.


Data in CBIS

     1) specimen data
     2) off-site conservation data
     3) seed and geneplasm bank data
     4) key ecosystem data (field stations and reserves)
     5) species inventory data
     6) endangered and protected species data
     7) ecosystem inventory data
     8) major environmental data
     9) social and economic data

Models in CBIS

     1) predicting and monitoring key species and ecosystems,
     2) evaluating the current status of biodiversity in China,
     3) long-term population dynamics for key species,
     4) system succession andgenetic evolution,
     5) multisystem interactions.
     6) modelling environment

Expert Systems in CBIS

     1) endanged species conservation
     2) PVA of endanged species
     3) reserves planning
     4) sustainable use of biological resource
     5) expert system environment

Goals of CBIS

To stengthen the research capability of CAS in key areas relevant to biodiversity conservation, sustainable natural resource management, and restoration of degraded ecosystems and natural communities; provide the decision makers with both primary and derived scientific information.

The ultimate goal of CBIS is to combine

    1) the primary information in the databases,
    2) the derived theories in the model library,
    3) the expertise of biodiversity conservation

to build an national integrated information system.

The CBIS will directly serve the purpose of decision or policy making for governmental agencies on the issues of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of biological resource.


Background of CBIS


Participating Institutes

----------------------------------------------------------------
   Institute				 Location
----------------------------------------------------------------
Institute of Botany			 Beijing
Institute of Zoology		     	 Beijing
Institute of Microbiology	      	 Beijing 
Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology 	 Wuhan
Kunming Institute of Botany		 Kunming
Kunming Institute of Zoology		 Kunming
Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology	 Shenyang
Wuhan Institute of Botany		 Wuhan
Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology	 Xining
South China Sea Institute of Oceanology  Guangzhou 
South China Institute of Botany 	 Guangzhou
Institute of Genetics 	  	 	 Beijing
----------------------------------------------------------------

Organization and Management Structure of CBIS

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
	     --------------------------------------------
|	     | The Central Information System of NBIC	|	|
	     |		Institute of Botany		|
|            --------------------------------------------       |
                                |
|      --------------------------------------------------       |
       |          |             |       |               |
|----------- ------------ --------------|               |       |
 |Botanical| |Zoological| | Microbiolo.||               |
||Division | | Division | |  Division  ||               |       |
 |(I.O.B.) | | (I.O.Z.) | |  (I.O.M.)  ||               |
|----------- ------------ --------------|               |       |
                                        |               |
|                              ----------------- ---------------|
			       |   Fresh Water | |Marine Biolo.|
|			       |Biolo. Division| |  Division   ||
			       |  (W. I. H.)   | | (S. I. O.)  |
|			       ----------------- ---------------|

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
			      |
			      |
			      |
  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
		STATIONS/MUSEUMS/GARDENS/BANKS
  | --------------        ------------          -----------	|
    |Seed & Gene.|	  |Herbariums|		|Botanical|
  | | Banks	 |	  | Museums  |		| Gardens |	|
    --------------        ------------          -----------
  |								|
		------------------    ---------------
  |		|  Ecological	 |    |   Natural   |		|
		| Field Stations |    |  Preserves  |
  |		------------------    ---------------		|
  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

	I.O.B. --- Institute of Botany
	I.O.Z. --- Institute of Zoology
	I.O.M. --- Institute of Microbiology
	W.I.H. --- Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology
	S.I.O. --- South China Sea Institute of Oceanology


Training Plan of CBIS

     Overseas Training
     Domestic Training
     Overseas Study Tour 
    

The Information Flow in CBIS

   --------    --------   -------   --------   ----------
   | IOPI |    | TDWG |   | WDC |   | WCMC |   | CODATA |
   --------    --------   -------   --------   ----------
      |           |          |          |          |
      ----------------------------------------------
           |
	   |   --------   -------   ----------
	   |   | NEPA |   | MOF |   | CERNIS |
	   |   --------   -------   ----------
           |       |         |          |
	   |-----------------------------
	   |
    -------------     --------------    ------------------
    | Central	|     |Synthetic   |	|Regional or	 |
  --|Information|-----|Multi-system|	|National	 |--- Governm.
  | | System	|     |Models	   |	|Conserv. & Mana.| |  Agencies
  | |Databases	|     --------------	|Planning	 | |
  | -------------	    |		------------------ |
  |	  |	      ---------------		|	   |
  |	  |	      |Synthetic    |		|	   |
  |	  |	      |Conservation |		|	   |
  |	  |-----------|Management   |-----------|	   |
  |		      |Expert System|		|	   |
  |                   ---------------		|	   |
  |	  					|	   |
  | ---------------   --------------     --------------    |
  | |Disciplinary |   |Disciplinary|	 |Disciplinary|    |
  | | Division	  |---|  Models &  |	 |Conservation|    |
  |-|Info. System |   |  Theories  |	 |Management  |    |
  | |Databases	  |   --------------	 |Planning    |    |
  | ---------------         |            --------------    |
  |	  |	     ----------------	       |	   |
  |	  |	     | Disciplinary |	       |	   |
  |	  |	     | Conservation |	       |	   |
  |	  -----------| Management   |-----------	   |
  |		     | Expert System|			   |
  |---------------   ----------------			   |
  |		 |   					   |
  |		 |					   |
-----------    --------------  --------               -----------
| Various |    |Data Source |  |Local | 	      |Loc. Con.|
|  Data   |----|Info. System|--|Models| 	   ---|Managemen|
| Sources |    |Databases   |  -------- 	   |  |Planning |
-----------    --------------	  |		   |  -----------
			      ---------------	   |
			      |Local Conser.|	   |
			      |Expert System|-------
			      ---------------



  WCMC --- World Conservation Monitoring Center
  IOPI --- International Organization for Plant Information
  TDWG --- International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases
	   for Plant Sciences
  CODATA - Committee on Data for Science and Technology.
  WDC ---- World Data Center for Microorganisms
  NEPA --- National Environmental Protection Agency
  MOF ---- the Ministry of Forestry
  CERNIS - Chinese Ecological Research Network Information System



Any question, suggestion and comments, please contact with ji@panda.ioz.ac.cn